European fly honeysuckle (Lonicera xylosteum)

European fly honeysuckle Common Names: Dwarf honeysuckle

Description: Introduced to North America as an ornamental plant. This plant is mildly poisonous.

Habit: Perennial, medium-sized, deciduous, 8-10 ft tall, rounded, arching branches, medium texture, fast growth rate.

Leaves: Opposite, largest leaves 9-12+ cm long, egg-shaped, gray-green in color, gradually widening from a short petiole and concavely forming a sharp point at the tip; underside with shaggy, long, soft hairs.

Stems: Pubescent; hollow; tan to white-brown; winter buds extend out at a 45 degree angle; stout, zigzag, and slightly rough.

Flowers: Yellow-white in color; borne in pairs on peduncles that are longer than the petioles; 10-15 mm long; tubular or cup-shaped with a red "saucer" base; stems 2-4 cm long; red flower base made up of oval leaf-like bracts and usually stays attached after the petals have dropped; blooms late May through early June.

Fruit and seeds: Scarlet, spherical berries borne in pairs, usually measure 6mm (0.25 in) in diameter and ripen in the late summer to early fall.

Habitat: Native to Europe. Found in abandoned fields, forest edges, floodplains, open disturbed areas, roadsides, vacant lots, yards or gardens.

Reproduction: By seeds dispersed by birds and vegetatively.

Similar species: Bells honeysuckle (Lonicera ?bella); Morrow's honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii); Tatarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica); Amur Honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii), all of which are invasive honeysuckle species.

Monitoring and rapid response: Hand-pulling; effectively controlled by any of the several readily available general use herbicides such as glyphosate. No biological control is currently available.

Credits: The information provided in this factsheet was gathered from the National Park Service and the UConn Horticulture Plant Database.

Individual species images that appear with a number in a black box are courtesy of the Bugwood.org network (http://www.invasive.org).Individual photo author credits may not be included due to the small display size of the images and subsequent difficulty of reading the provided text. All other images appear courtesy of Google (http://images.google.com).


Common Name:

European fly honeysuckle

Scientific Name:

Lonicera xylosteum

Family:

Caprifoliaceae
(Honeysuckle)

Duration:

Perennial

Habit:

Shrubs

USDA Symbol:

LOXY