Bradford pear (Pyrus calleryana)

Bradford pear Common Names: Callery pear

Description: Introduced to North America as an ornamental.

Habit: Deciduous, grows from 30-50 ft in height and 20-30 ft in width, overall shape of the tree is often described as a tear-drop with the trunk frequently splitting into many smaller branches.

Leaves: Alternate, simple, shiny with a wavy, slightly-toothed margin. Leaves turn yellow, orange and red in late autumn.

Stems: Reddish-brown to gray in color, stout; relatively large, fuzzy light tan-gray terminal buds on the spur shoots and branch tips.

Flowers: 5 petaled, white in color, occur early in the spring before leaves appear.

Fruit and seeds: Fruits are small, 0.5 in in length, round and green to brown in color and appear during late spring and summer.

Habitat: Native to China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam; grows well in full sun and partial shade and a variety of soil types and conditions including occasional wet soils or drought. Withstands the rigors of urban living, such as pollution and poor soil.

Reproduction: Vegetatively and by seeds that are dispersed to new locations by birds that eat the fruit.

Similar species: Osage orange (Maclura pomifera) and varieties of crabapple (Malus spp.).

Monitoring and rapid response: Seedlings and shallow-rooted plants can be pulled when soil is moist. Dig small trees up or pull out, ensuring removal of the root system. If cutting is not possible, trees can be girdled during the spring and summer, by cutting through the bark all around the trunk, about 6 in above the ground. Large trees should be cut down and stumps treated with an appropriate systemic herbicide such as glyphosate of triclopyr.

Credits: The information provided in this factsheet was gathered from the U.S. Forest Service.

Individual species images that appear with a number in a black box are courtesy of the Bugwood.org network (http://www.invasive.org).Individual photo author credits may not be included due to the small display size of the images and subsequent difficulty of reading the provided text. All other images appear courtesy of Google (http://images.google.com).


Common Name:

Bradford pear

Scientific Name:

Pyrus calleryana

Family:

Rosaceae
(Rose)

Duration:

Perennial

Habit:

Trees

USDA Symbol:

PYCA80