Cabbage rose (Rosa centifolia)

Cabbage rose Common Names: Provence rose

Description: Widely used for the production of rose oil and rose water.

Habit: Deciduous; grows up to 1.5 m (5 ft).

Leaves: Grayish-green in color, 5-7 leaflets.

Stems: Covered with small spines.

Flowers: Round, globular, numerous thin overlapping petals; pink, white, dark red-purple in color; fragrant; hermaphrodite, pollinated by insects, self-fertile.

Fruit and seeds: Numerous seeds found within the fruit.

Habitat: Native to Europe. Found in woodland garden sunny edges and dappled shade.

Reproduction: By seed, softwood cutting, simple layering or hardwood cuttings.

Similar species: French rose (Rosa gallica); Musk rose (Rosa moschata); Dog rose (Rosa canina); Damask rose (Rosa damascena).

Credits: The information provided in this factsheet was gathered from the USDA PLANTS Database.

Individual species images that appear with a number in a black box are courtesy of the network ( photo author credits may not be included due to the small display size of the images and subsequent difficulty of reading the provided text. All other images appear courtesy of Google (

Common Name:

Cabbage rose

Scientific Name:

Rosa centifolia







USDA Symbol: