Monitoring and rapid response: Can be controlled using 2,4-D with dicamba. Cutting and mowing have been shown to not be effective control methods. Capable of flowering a producing seeds on short branchs that develop after cutting several times.
Credits: The information provided in this factsheet was gathered from the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture Bureau of Plant Industry Weed Circular No. 22 .
Individual species images that appear with a number in a black box are courtesy of the Bugwood.org network (http://www.invasive.org). Individual photo author credits may not be included due to the small display size of the images and subsequent difficulty of reading the provided text. All other images appear courtesy of Google (http://images.google.com).